Apep, Demonic Water Snake of Chaos and Enemy of Ra
by Caroline Seawright, 2004
Apep (Apepi, Aapep, Apophis, Apopis) was a demon of the underworld, in the form of a giant water snake. It was believed that he was created when Nit spat into the primeval waters of Nun. An alternate belief from Iunyt (Esna) was that the umbilical cord of Nit’s son (eg. Ra), who she bore in the waters of chaos, turned into Apep after it was cut. He was the enemy of the sun god, trying to stop him as he travelled on his barque through the underworld each night. He was so powerful that little could defeat him, and even then, he was back again the following evening to threaten Ra. He was a demon outside of ma’at, the opposite of order, a demon of darkness and chaos. Continue reading
Manifest vs unmanifest demonic possession
1. Introduction to manifestation of demonic possession
A person can be fully possessed by a ghost (demon, devil, negative energy, etc.) and yet both the person and people around him could be completely unaware about it. This is because of the fact that the possessing ghost does not reveal its presence as it serves its purpose to keep the possession undisclosed. Once a possession is disclosed, there is a possibility that the possessed person will make active efforts to rid himself of the possessing ghost.
1.1 Definition of unmanifest demonic possession
When we say the possessing ghost is unmanifest, we mean that the ghost has not revealed its presence. Continue reading
Top 10 Psychopomps of Ancient and Modern Mythology
By Michael Van Duisen, 2013
A psychopomp is a god, spirit, or demon who is responsible for guiding the spirits of the dead on their journey to the underworld. The word is actually derived from the Greek word psuchopompos, meaning “guide of souls”. In most cases, they are not the judge of the deceased, but merely the one who leads them to be judged.
Xolotl takes the tenth spot on this list for one main reason: he doesn’t quite fit the bill as much as his Western counterparts. The god of lightning and death didn’t usually guide the dead to Mictlan, the Aztec underworld, but had been known to on occasion. He was said to have brought fire from the underworld for humans, just like Prometheus in Greek mythology.
His most common form is that of a man with a dog’s head—but he can also be seen as a skeleton. Xolotl’s Continue reading
Types of Djinn
Adapted from The Vengeful Djinn by Rosemary Ellen Guiley and Philip J. Imbrogno, Llewellyn, 2011
From Djinn Universe
There are different types of djinn. The Qur’an mentions only three: Djinn, ‘ifrit, and marid. Other names [are] jann, ghul, shaitans, hinn, nasnas, shiqq, si’lat, and a host of others. The names above vary depending on the region in the Middle Eastern country.
Some of the best-known Djinn are:
Ghul – The ghul (ghoul) are shape-shifting cannibalistic and blood-drinking creatures that feed on the flesh of human beings, especially travelers, children or corpses stolen out of graves. The oldest references to ghul in Arabian lore are found in The Book of 1001 Nights. There are several types of ghul. The most feared is a female type (ghula) which has the ability to appear as a normal, mortal woman. According to lore, such a creature marries an unsuspecting man, who becomes her prey. Continue reading
By Michael Dawson
The river of which many know its name, without knowing its origin or what it really stood for. A river that separates the world of the living from the world of the dead. Styx it is said winds around Hades (hell or the underworld are other names) nine times. Its name comes from the Greek word stugein which means hate, Styx, the river of hate. This river was so respected by the gods of Greek mythology that they would take life binding oaths just by mentioning its name, as referenced in the story of Bacchus-Ariadne, where Jove “confirms it with the irrevocable oath, attesting the river Styx.”
There are five rivers that separate Hades from the world of the living, they are: Continue reading
From Theoi Project
STYX was the goddess of the underworld River Styx, one of the Titan generation of Okeanides. Styx was also the personified Daimon (Spirit) of hatred (stygos). She was a firm ally of Zeus in the Titan Wars, who brought her children Nike (Victory), Zelos (Rivalry), Bia (Force) and Kratos (Strength) to stand alongside the god. Zeus rewarded her by making her streams the agent of the binding oath of the gods.
The River Styx was also a corrosive Arkadian stream, which allegedly flowed forth from the underworld.
Styx was sometimes identified with several other chthonian goddesses, including Demeter Erinys the wrathful earth, the oath-protecting Eumenides, and Nyx the darkness of night.
PARENTS Continue reading
The Styx (Ancient Greek: Στύξ [stýkʰs], “Hate, Detest”) is a river in Greek mythology that formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld (Hades). The variant spelling Stix was sometimes used in translations of Classical Greek before the 20th century. By metonymy, the adjective stygian came to refer to anything dark, dismal, and murky.
The rivers Styx, Phlegethon, Acheron, Lethe, and Cocytus all converge at the center of the underworld on a great marsh, which is also sometimes called the Styx. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. Continue reading