What is the difference between the PKK, PYD, YPG, KRG, KDP, and the Peshmerga? FAQ
By Ralph Lengler
Adding some bits and pieces to Ben Skirvin‘s excellent answer,
The Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq = KRG is the family business of the Barzani Clan, even though elections are generally considered free and fair. President is Massoud Barzani, Prime Minister is Nechervan Barzani while the security chief is Masrour Barzani. The Barzanis are Iranian Kurds. Continue reading
From Yezidi Truth website, 2011
The Yezidis have two sacred books, the Kitab al-Jilwa, the “Book of Revelation,” written by Sheikh Adi, and the Mishefa Reş, the “Black Book,” which is said by scholars to have been written in the 11th-12th centuries but, claim the Yezidis, has existed since [Ta’us] Melek, the Peacock Angel, first set foot upon Earth.
The Kitab al-Jilwa describes [Ta’us] Melek and his special relationship with the Yezidis and those who worship him in other faiths. The Mishefa Reş delineates the creation of the universe and the Seven Great Angels, as well as the creation of the Yezidis and the laws they must follow.
Please note that these are ancient scriptures and that practices have changed. Many of the outdated customs outlined here are not practiced in the Yezidi communities today.
Kitab al-Jilwa, The Book of Revelation
I was, am now, and shall have no end. I exercise dominion over all creatures and over the affairs of all Continue reading
What is the Peacock Angel?
From Yezidi Truth, 2011
[This text is reproduced for educational purposes only. “Tawsi Melek” has been changed into Ta’us Melek.]
Ta’us Melek, the “Peacock Angel”, is the most import deity of the Yezidis. But he is not just the possession of the Yezidis, he belongs to the entire world. The Yezidis believe that they possess the oldest religion on Earth, the primeval faith that features Ta’us Melek, and that all other traditions are related to them through the Peacock Angel. They contend that Ta’us Melek is the true creator and ruler of the universe, and therefore a part of all religious traditions. He does not, however, always manifest within these diverse traditions as a peacock. Ta’us Melek has taken on many other forms throughout time.
The Yezidis do not believe that the Peacock Angel is the Supreme God. The Supreme God created him as an emanation at the beginning of time. He was brought into manifestation in order to give the invisible, transcendental Supreme God a vehicle with which to create and administer the universe. Continue reading
THE YEZIDIS OF KURDISTAN – ARE THEY REALLY ZOROASTRIANS ???
by Noshir H. Dadrawala
Fellow Mazdayasni Zarathushtris,
The Gatha-alone cult in the West, in one of it’s worst excesses, has thrown open the doors of our sacred religion to any Tom, Dick and Harry that wants to waltz in, on the payment of a “tax-deductible donation”. We now have moneyed non-Zoroastrians, such as Muslims, Hindus, Christians and Jews going to the Gatha-alone cult to “try out” what passes for the ancient religion of Zarathushtra, before “moving on” to other New Age religions in the West.
“Try before you buy” seems to be the catch-all Western phrase at work here, but the Westerners don’t seem to understand that such material attitudes cannot be applied to spirituality and the sacred religions of the East. Religions cannot be “tried out” then “discarded” as if they were ice cream cones – take the Continue reading
7. PRESENTATION OF OFFERINGS BY THE PRIEST WITH THE OBJECT OF PROPITIATION NAMED.
1. With a complete and sacred offering [Ashi] I offer and I give this meat-offering, and (with it) Haurvatat (who guards the water), and Ameretatat (who guards the plants and the wood), and the flesh of the Kine of blessed gift1, for the propitiation of Ahura Mazda, and of the Bountiful Immortals (all, and) for the propitiation of Sraosha (Obedience) the blessed, endowed with sanctity, who smites with the blow of victory, and who causes the settlements to advance.
[1. Hum 93: “truthfully I offer integrity and immortality and (the flesh of) the munificent cow”; Hum2 98: “as sacrificial repast and food I offer integrity [water], immortality [plants], and the munificent cow [flesh]”.]
2. And I offer the Haoma and Haoma-juice with a complete and sacred offering for the propitiation of the Fravashi of Zarathushtra Spitama the saint, and I offer the wood-billets with the perfume for Thy propitiation, the Fire’s, O Ahura Mazda’s son! Continue reading
Frequently asked questions on Zoroastrianism and the Avesta
WHAT IS ZOROASTRIANISM?
A brief overview
Zoroastrianism is a religion founded in ancient times by the prophet Zarathushtra, known to the Greeks as Zoroaster.
Zoroastrianism was the dominant world religion during the Persian empires (559 BC to 651 AC), and was thus the most powerful world religion at the time of Jesus. It had a major influence on other religions. It is still practiced world-wide, especially in Iran and India.
To quote Mary Boyce, Continue reading
From Serving the Guest: A Sufi Cookbook
Kathleen Seide, 1999
Bread & Salt: The Common Bond
Bread signifies all God given provisions, the abundance in simplicity, the Giver and gift of life in its continuous flow, first things in the day, essential priorities.
A traveler on the mystic path
is content with a loaf of bread;
By its light he may be turned
towards the Light of God.
Aish, “life,” is one ancient Arabic term for bread; accordingly, it is treated with reverence throughout the Continue reading