Tag Archives: Nigeria

Queen Bilikisu Sungbo

Sungbo EredoA Brief History Of Bilikisu Sungbo – The Powerful Woman Who Is Believed To Have Commissioned The Great Walls Of Eredo

By Woman.NG, February 8, 2017

The story of Bilikisu Sungbo is one that draws the attention of both locals and foreigners to a village called Oke Eri in Ijebu Ode, Ogun state. Pilgrims from all over the world have been said to come to Oke Eri village where they believe Bilikisu Sungbo is buried.

The Sungbo Eredo  is a system of defensive walls and ditches said to have been commisioned by Bilikisu who was believed to be a wealthy queen and complexly built in 1000 CE. Although, it has been covered by forest, it was described as Africa’s largest single monument, with more earth and rock used to make the wall than was used in the Great Pyramid. Continue reading

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Funeral Ceremonies of the Ibo

Kalabari EldersFuneral Ceremonies of the Ibo
By Karen Hauser (1992)

The Ijaw and Ibo perform intricate burials and funeral ceremonies. The most elaborate performances are for the chiefs, and there are several types of death that are considered shameful and are not given any burial at all.

In the Kalabari, when a chief dies, his family takes his body to a special funeral compound (“Oto Kwbu”) to be washed. This involves a painstaking ceremony in which special pot of water and Continue reading

Nsibidi Script

NsibidiNsibidi is an ancient system of graphic communication indigenous to the Ejagham peoples of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon in the Cross River region. It is also used by neighboring Ibibio, Efik and Igbo peoples.
 
Aesthetically compelling and encoded, nsibidi does not correspond to any one spoken language. It is an ideographic script whose symbols refer to abstract concepts, actions or things and whose use facilitates communication among peoples speaking different languages.
 
Nsibidi comprises nearly a thousand symbols that Continue reading

CDE of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities

This post is work in progress.

See AAA – BBB – CDE

CCC

Cagn
The supreme god and creator of the Kalahari Bushmen of southern Africa.

Cghene
The Creator and supreme god of the Isoko of southern Nigeria. This god is remote to human affairs and is little celebrated. He has no temples or priests.

Chango
The Yoruban orisha of thunder, rain, lightning, fire, and masculine fertility.  He is a smooth talking con artist and symbolises the element fire, truth, intelligence, and courage. Continue reading

BBB of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities

AAA

BBB

Babalu Aye
In Orisha worship, Babalú-Ayé is the praise name of the spirit of the Earth and strongly associated with infectious disease, and healing. He is an Orisha, representing the deity Olorun on Earth. The name Babalú-Ayé translates as “Father, lord of the Earth” and points to the authority this orisha exercises on all things earthly, including the body, wealth, and physical possessions. In West Africa, he was strongly associated with epidemics of smallpox, but in the contemporary Americas, he is more commonly thought of as the patron of leprosy, influenza, and immune diseases. Babalú-Ayé is also the deity that cures these ailments. Both feared and loved, Babalú-Ayé is sometimes referred to as the Continue reading

AAA of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities

AAA

Abasi (Abassi)
Abassi was the creator god in the pantheon of the Efik people of Nigeria. He is all knowing, all-seeing, and all-powerful. He created the world, both good and evil, and he wars against the evil. After a suggestion by his wife Atai, Abasi created the first humans and introduced them to the world. However, to prevent them from exceeding his wisdom, he ordered the first humans to neither procreate nor labor. This prohibition was followed for some time, but eventually the first couple did have children and work, thus doing some “creation” of their own. Unfortunately, they quickly created a terrible overpopulation problem, which made Abasi feel insecure. This led his wife Atai to give humanity two gifts, Argument and Death, which would help keep the numbers of humans down.

Abonsam Continue reading

Sungbo Eredo

Sungbo Eredo

[Edited]

The largest historical monument in the world

Sungbo’s Eredo is a system of walls and ditches that surrounds the Yoruba town of Ijebu-Ode in Ogun state southwest Nigeria. It is reputed to be the largest single ancient monument in Africa.

Hidden in the Nigerian rainforest, the earthworks at Eredo are just a few hour’s drive from Lagos.

More than 100 miles (160 kilometers) in circumference with some sections having walls which reach 70 feet (20 meters) in height, it encloses an area 25 miles (40 km) north to south and 22 miles (35 km) east to west. The Eredo served a defensive purpose when it was built in 1000 CE, a period of political confrontation and consolidation in the southern Nigerian rain forest. It was likely to have been inspired by the same process that led to the construction of similar walls and ditches throughout western Nigeria, including earthworks around Ile-Ife, Ilesa, and the Benin Iya, a 6,500 kilometer series of connected but separate earthworks in the neighboring Edo-speaking region. Continue reading

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