Tag Archives: Nigeria

CDE of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities

This post is work in progress.



The supreme god and creator of the Kalahari Bushmen of southern Africa.

The Creator and supreme god of the Isoko of southern Nigeria. This god is remote to human affairs and is little celebrated. He has no temples or priests.

The Yoruban orisha of thunder, rain, lightning, fire, and masculine fertility.  He is a smooth talking con artist and symbolises the element fire, truth, intelligence, and courage. Continue reading


BBB of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities



Babalu Aye
In Orisha worship, Babalú-Ayé is the praise name of the spirit of the Earth and strongly associated with infectious disease, and healing. He is an Orisha, representing the deity Olorun on Earth. The name Babalú-Ayé translates as “Father, lord of the Earth” and points to the authority this orisha exercises on all things earthly, including the body, wealth, and physical possessions. In West Africa, he was strongly associated with epidemics of smallpox, but in the contemporary Americas, he is more commonly thought of as the patron of leprosy, influenza, and immune diseases. Babalú-Ayé is also the deity that cures these ailments. Both feared and loved, Babalú-Ayé is sometimes referred to as the Continue reading

Funeral Ceremonies of the Ibo

Kalabari EldersFuneral Ceremonies of the Ibo
By Karen Hauser (1992)

The Ijaw and Ibo perform intricate burials and funeral ceremonies. The most elaborate performances are for the chiefs, and there are several types of death that are considered shameful and are not given any burial at all.

In the Kalabari, when a chief dies, his family takes his body to a special funeral compound (“Oto Kwbu”) to be washed. This involves a painstaking ceremony in which special pot of water and Continue reading

Nsibidi Script

NsibidiNsibidi is an ancient system of graphic communication indigenous to the Ejagham peoples of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon in the Cross River region. It is also used by neighboring Ibibio, Efik and Igbo peoples.
Aesthetically compelling and encoded, nsibidi does not correspond to any one spoken language. It is an ideographic script whose symbols refer to abstract concepts, actions or things and whose use facilitates communication among peoples speaking different languages.
Nsibidi comprises nearly a thousand symbols that Continue reading

AAA of African and African Originated Deities

Earth MotherAfrican and African Originated Deities


Abasi (Abassi)
Abassi was the creator god in the pantheon of the Efik people of Nigeria. He is all knowing, all-seeing, and all-powerful. He created the world, both good and evil, and he wars against the evil. After a suggestion by his wife Atai, Abasi created the first humans and introduced them to the world. However, to prevent them from exceeding his wisdom, he ordered the first humans to neither procreate nor labor. This prohibition was followed for some time, but eventually the first couple did have children and work, thus doing some “creation” of their own. Unfortunately, they quickly created a terrible overpopulation problem, which made Abasi feel insecure. This led his wife Atai to give humanity two gifts, Argument and Death, which would help keep the numbers of humans down.

Abonsam Continue reading

A Lead on Naga People and Music

Ngas DancersTraditional Music As It Influences the Ngas Culture
by Dimka Philip (Student)

Music is said to be food to the soul. But traditional music in the context of the Ngas culture is more encompassing. In the Ngas land music is an integral and inseparable part of […] life. Excluding music from their customs and/ or tradition, ‘lays the Ngas man bear’ and ‘incomplete’.

The Ngas people are one of over thirty ethnic groups or tribes in Nigeria, Kanke local government Area. It is located in Plateau state of Nigeria, […] West Africa.

Traditional music (kim) is an art that has been handed down by the Ngas forefathers from time past and it has been part and parcel of [people’s] life; it gives the highest joy in their lifetime. The people treasure and cherish every moment spent in it. Continue reading

Becoming Yoruba

Afrikan Head ArtThe African peoples who lived in Yorubaland, at least by the seventh century B.C.E, were not initially known as the Yoruba, although they shared a common ethnicity and language group. The historical Yoruba develop out of earlier (Mesolithic) Volta-Niger populations, by the 1st millennium B.C.E.

Oral history recorded under the Oyo Empire derives the Yoruba as an ethnic group from the population of the older kingdom of Ile-Ife. Ife was surpassed by the Oyo Empire as the dominant Yoruba military and political power between 1600 CE and 1800 CE. The nearby kingdom of Benin was also a powerful force between 1300 and 1850 CE.

Most of the city states were controlled by Obas, elected priestly monarchs, and councils made up of Oloyes, recognised leaders of royal, noble and, often, even common descent, who joined them in ruling over the kingdoms through a series of guilds and cults. Oyo had powerful, autocratic monarchs with almost total control, while in the Ijebu city-states, the senatorial councils were supreme and the Ọba served as something of a Continue reading