In Greek mythology, Pandora (Greek: Πανδώρα, derived from πᾶν, pān, “all” and δῶρον, dōron, “gift”, thus “the all-endowed”, “the all-gifted” or “the all-giving”) was the first human woman created by the gods, specifically by Hephaestus and Athena on the instructions of Zeus. As Hesiod related, each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts. Zeus ordered Hephaestus to mold her out of earth as part of the punishment of humanity for Prometheus’ theft of the secret of fire, and all the gods joined in offering her “seductive gifts”. Her other name—inscribed against her figure on a white-ground kylix in the British Museum—is Anesidora, “she who sends up gifts” (up implying “from below” within the earth). Continue reading
Tag Archives: Pandora’s Box
December–The Tenth Month
December had two names among the English Saxons: “Wintermonath” meaning winter month, and “Heligmonath” meaning “holy month”, as Christmas falls in this month.
The chief festival of this “tenth” and last month of the year was the Saturnalia, held on the seventeenth of the month in honour of Saturn, the father of Jupiter. [Charles I and II]
Saturn the Cronos, was one of the Titans, the six giant sons of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth). Uranus ruled before the days of Man, but he was overthrown by his son Saturn, who became for a time the supreme ruler of the universe. Uranus prophesied that Saturn would one day himself be overthrown by his children, and in order to avoid this, Saturn, when his first child was born, immediately swallowed him! Continue reading