In the hymns in honour of Sobek of Shedet in the papyrus Ramesseum VI of the XII-XIII dynasty (P-1), Osiris certainly is a dead god, the main presence in the crucial moment of the passage of royal power from him to his son. Here, Sobek-Horus is described while he looks for the scattered body of his father Osiris and performs for him the rituals necessary to his resurrection. In this way, Sobek-Horus can finally become king of KMT: Continue reading
Tag Archives: NTRW
OSIRIS IN THE FAYYUM
From Fayyum Studies 2
Edited by Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, 2006
One of the most crucial and unavoidable issues in studying a polytheistic religion is the problem of gods’ identities. In this respect, Osiris is a problematic figure, whose identity one could never expect to master. Osiris’ origins remains unclear and a number of factors are important in attempting to unravel his identity, his birth and personal qualities and, above all, the events of his life and death.
The fact that his cult spread throughout Egypt made him an‘universal’ god, who belonged to all Egyptians. The particular inflections that his identity took on through its dissemination in various localities undoubtedly played an important role in the construction and reconstruction of his character Continue reading
Group Affiliations: The [Neteru] of Egypt
Occupation: God of punishment, patron god of the military
Legal Status: Citizen of Celestial Heliopolis
Identity: The general populace of Earth is unaware of the existence of Sebek except as a mythological deity.
Other Aliases: The Crocodile-God, Sobek, Sochet, Sobk, Sobki, Soknopais, Suchos (Greek Continue reading
It is not what you think or what you affirm. It is who is thinking and who is affirming. Are you a human or a divine being?
[Sebek] corresponds to [one of] the tools through which behavior is programmed. Through [using intellect in] the understanding of the law such programming can be done at will. If we [have the intellect to] program any desired behavior at will, then we can choose to allow only peace and pleasure to manifest as our emotional reactions to all events.
– I am that, therefore I think.
– I am well on my way to success because I understand the suggestive power of Continue reading
NTR Sobek (Sebek) is a deity with a complex and fluid nature. He is associated with the crocodile, and is represented as a human with a crocodile head.
Sobek was also associated with ruling power, fertility, and military prowess, but served additionally as a protective deity with apotropaic qualities, invoked particularly for protection against the dangers presented by the river.
Major cult center: Kom Ombo
Parents: Atum and Mut
Children: Meskhenet, Renutet
Grandchildren: Bastet and Wadjet
Sobek enjoyed a longstanding presence, from the Old Kingdom (c. 2686—2181 BCE) until the current period (CE). He is known from several different Pyramid Texts of the Old Kingdom, particularly from spell PT 317. The spell, which praises the pharaoh as living incarnation of the crocodile god, reads: Continue reading
Atum (also known as Temu) was the first and most important NTR of KMT to be worshiped in Iunu (Anu, Heliopolis), although in later times Ra rose in importance in the city, and eclipsed him to some extent. He was the main deity of Per-Tem (“house of Atum”) in Pithom in the eastern Delta.
Although he was at his most popular in the Old Kingdom of Kemet, he is often closely associated with the Pharaoh all over Kemet. During the New Kingdom, Atum and the Theban god Montu (Montju) are depicted with the king in the Temple of Amun at Karnak. In the Late Period, amulets of lizards were worn as a token of the god. Continue reading
The basic symbol for plurality among the ancient Egyptians was the number three: even the way they wrote the word for “plurality” in hieroglyphics consisted of three vertical marks ( | | | ). Triads of deities were also used to signify a complete system. Examples include references to NTR Atum “when he was one and became three” when he and his wife gave birth. Shu and wife Tefnut then gave birth to Ausar and his wife Auset, and Set and Nebthet. Ausar, Auset and son Heru would form the last NTR triad.
- Other examples:
- The beer used to trick Sekhmet soaked three hands into the ground.
- NTR Ra is named three times to define the sun: dawn, noon, and evening. Continue reading
The netert Seshat is well described in numerous titles that ascribe two main types of activities to her. In Kemet, she wasThe Enumerator, Lady of Writing(s), Scribe, Head of the House of the Divine Books (Archives). The other aspect of Seshat is as the Lady of Builders.
The divine significance of numbers is personified by Seshat, The Enumerator.
Kemet had a “scientific and organic system” of observing reality. Modern-day science is based on observing everything as dead (inanimate). Modern physical formulas in our science studies almost always exclude the vital phenomena throughout statistical analyses. In Kemet, we knew the whole universe was animated. Continue reading
Dates: 24 October – 22 November
Appearance: Female form with either cobra head or crown (or a cobra entwined around a papyrus stem). Can also be represented as a lioness
Symbols: Cobra, Uraeus, Papyrus stalks, lioness
Principle: Sovereignty (backed up by a superhuman force of destruction)
Function: Procreation Power to bring forth or to beget. Continue reading
Pharaohs as deities
From earliest times in Kemet the pharaohs were worshipped as Gods: the son of Ra, the son of Heru, the son of Amen, etc. depending upon what period of Kemet history and what part of the country is being considered. It should be noted that prayers, sacrifices, etc. to the pharaohs were extremely rare, if they occurred at all – there seems to be little or no evidence to support an actual ‘cult’ of the pharaoh. The pharaoh was looked upon as being chosen by and favored by the Gods, his fathers.
Amen, Amun, Amon (m): Supreme God. Amen was the patron deity of the city of Thebes from earliest times, and was viewed (along with his consort Amenet) as a primordial creation-deity by the priests of Hermopolis. Amen means “the Hidden One.” Up to the Middle Kingdom Amen was merely a local god in Thebes; but when the Thebans had established their sovereignty in Kemet, Amen became a prominent deity, and by Dynasty 18 was termed the King of the Gods. His famous temple Karnak, is the largest religious structure ever built by man. According to Budge, by Dynasty 19 or 20, Amen was thought of as “an invisible creative power which was the source of all life in heaven, and on the earth, and in the great deep, and in the Underworld, and which made itself manifest under the form of Ra.” Amen was self-created, according to later traditions; according to the older Theban traditions, Amen was created by Tehuti (Thoth) as one of the eight primordial deities of creation (Amen, Amenet, Heq, Heqet, Nun, Naunet, Kau, Kauket). During the New Kingdom, Amen’s consort was Mut, “Mother”, who seems to have been a “Great Mother” archetype. Their child was the moon god Khons. Continue reading