Tag Archives: Meso-America
Mayan codices (singular codex) are books written by the Mayans in the ancient Mayan hieroglyphic writing system. There were many such books in existence, but they were destroyed in bulk by the Conquistadors and priests after the Spanish conquest, famously all those in Yucatan were ordered destroyed by Bishop Diego de Landa in July of 1562.
Only three codices and a fragment of a fourth survived to modern times. These are:
- The Madrid Codex, also known as the Tro-Cortesianus Codex
- The Dresden Codex
- The Paris Codex, also known as the Peresianus Codex
- The Grolier Fragment
The Madrid Codex deals with horoscopes and astrological tables and is the product of eight different scribes. It was separated into two parts very early on in its European [journey], and thus traveled different paths in Europe until 1888. In 1880, the Frenchman Léon de Rosny figured out that the two parts were a single codex, now commonly called the “Madrid”, or the “Tro-Cortesianus”. Continue reading
The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for a fully developed written language of the pre-colonized Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Initially established circa 2000 BCE, according to the Mesoamerican chronology, many Maya cities reached their highest state of development circa 250 to 1200 CE, and until the arrival of the Europeans.
Discoveries of Maya occupation at Cuello, Belize have been carbon dated to around 2600 BCE. This level of occupation included monumental structures. The Maya calendar, which is based around the so-called Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, begins on a date circa 11 August 3114 BCE. Continue reading