Learning Egyptian Hieroglyphs – Lesson 1
By Caroline Seawright, 2000
I’m going to go through the book, “Egyptian Grammar” by A.H. Gardiner, and try to learn Middle Egyptian hieroglyphs. In this column, I will attempt to share what I learn as I go along!
Note that the Egyptians, when writing hieroglyphs, generally drew each hieroglyph in a square (or rectangular) area. Sometimes there might be one, two or more hieroglyphs in the one area. The secondary hieroglyphs were usually smaller than the main one, though a number of small hieroglyphs could be used instead.
Direction of Writing Continue reading
Shinto in the History of Japanese Religion
Translated by JAMES C . DOBBINS and SUZANNE GAY
I. Shinto in the Nihon shoki
The word Shinto is commonly taken to mean Japan’s indigenous religion and to have had that meaning from fairly early times. It is difficult, however, to find a clear-cut example of the word Shinto used in such a way in early writings. The intellectual historian Tsuda Sõkichi has studied the occurrences of the word Shinto in early Japanese literature and has divided its meaning into the following six categories:
1) “religious beliefs found in indigenous customs passed down in Japan, including superstitious beliefs”; 2) “the authority, power, activity, or deeds of a kami, the status of kami, being a kami, or the kami itself”; 3) concepts and teachings concerning kami; 4) Continue reading
Names of Planets in All Languages
By Sevan Bomar, 2010
English is generally recognized as the international language for professional astronomy. However, the various languages often also have their own words which are used in everyday speech.
English Sun Mercury Venus Earth Moon Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
Old English Sunne Mercurius Venus EorÃ°e Mōna Mars Iupiter Saturnus
Latin Sol Mercurius Venus Terra Luna Mars Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus Pluto
Italian Sole Mercurio Venere Terra Luna Marte Giove Saturno Urano Nettuno Plutone Continue reading
Book of Pheryllt
By Astrocelt, 2001
An Inquiry into ‘The Book of Pheryllt’ and the ‘Spell of Making’.
The initial aim is to provide a translation for the “Spell of Making.” However it has transpired to fully understand the implication of “Pheryllt,” there is a need to comprehend what it actually might imply. It has often been suggested its implications were held within a book or within a possible medieval manuscript. Alternatively it has been often translate as Virgil. Therefore an inquiry is necessary, as to whether such a notion existed. In its course it will endeavour to trace its origins. Together with the extent of sources which are involved. These are from both an antiquarian touching on the Celtic revival of the 18th and 19th century; and the scholarly prospective will also be consulted. If indeed, “pheryllt” is part of its scheme them some enlightenment on this matter might emerge. Continue reading
Nsibidi (also known as nsibiri, nchibiddi or nchibiddy) is a system of symbols indigenous to what is now southeastern Nigeria that is apparently ideographic, though there have been suggestions that it includes logographic elements. The symbols are at least several centuries old: Early forms appeared on excavated pottery as well as what are most likely ceramic stools and headrests from the Calabar region, with a range of dates from between 400 and 1400 CE.
There are thousands of nsibidi symbols, of which over Continue reading
Many African religions influenced by Egyptian religion
By Untangle Incorporated, 2002
(O.J. Lucas’ RELIGIONS IN WEST AFRICA AND ANCIENT EGYPT is the source of these ideas)
The evidence for Ancient Egyptian religion powerful influence on many African religions may be summarised under the following headings:
- Religious Ideas
- Religious Practices
- Bodily Mutilations
- Funeral Rites Continue reading
Wind – Definition
Classical wind names
In Greek mythology, the four winds were personified as gods. Roman writers gave them Latin names.
Note: the “north wind”, for example, is the wind that blows from the north, not towards it.
Greek – Latin
north wind Boreas – Aquilo
south wind Notos – Auster
east wind Euros – Eurus
west wind Zephyros – Favonius
north-west wind Skiron or Skeiron – Caurus or Corus
north-east wind Kaikias – Caecius
south-east wind Apeliotus or Euros – Volturnus or Vulturnus
south-west wind Lips or Livos – Africus or Afer ventus Continue reading
is an ancient system of graphic communication indigenous to the Ejagham peoples of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon in the Cross River region. It is also used by neighboring Ibibio, Efik and Igbo peoples.
Aesthetically compelling and encoded, nsibidi does not correspond to any one spoken language. It is an ideographic script whose symbols refer to abstract concepts, actions or things and whose use facilitates communication among peoples speaking different languages.
Basic MDW NTR Alphabet
The Vulture: the first letter is “a” written similar to an italic 3 (pronounced like the “a” in pat) is the silent indrawn breath that signifies spirit.
The Reed Leaf: the second letter is “i” (pronounced like e in bed) is the out breath which brings form and movement to our bodies.
The Double Reed Leaves: The third letter is ‘y’ (pronounced like ee) is symbolic of vital harmonic growth and the relationship of organic growth based on “phi” the golden ratio. Continue reading