Category Archives: Elements

Great Barrier Bleach

Reef on the brink
The Great Barrier Reef: a catastrophe laid bare
By Michael Slezak, 7 June 2016

Australia’s natural wonder is in mortal danger. Bleaching caused by climate change has killed almost a quarter of its coral this year and many scientists believe it could be too late for the rest. Using exclusive photographs and new data, a Guardian special report investigates how the reef has been devastated – and what can be done to save it

It was the smell that really got to diver Richard Vevers. The smell of death on the reef. “I can’t even tell you how bad I smelt after the dive – the smell of millions of rotting animals.” Continue reading

Jezus Starfish to Die for Man’s Sin

Great Barrier Reef Photo: The crown-of-thorns starfish is one of the biggest threats to the Great Barrier Reef, destroying around 40 per cent of the reef from Cooktown to the Whitsundays. (Reuters: Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority) [But no bigger threat than the man in the suit. 7M]

COTSBot: New robot aims to terminate crown-of-thorns starfish destroying Great Barrier Reef
By Kathy McLeish,31 Aug 2015

Queensland researchers are close to completing work on an autonomous robot that will cruise the Great Barrier Reef and inject the destructive crown-of-thorns starfish with a toxic solution. The starfish is no bigger than a dinner plate, but collectively it represents one of the biggest threats to the Great Barrier Reef, already destroying around 40 per cent of the reef from Cooktown to the Whitsundays.

The COTSBot underwater robot looks like a sophisticated remote control toy submarine. But it has been designed to cruise around a designated area of coral reef, seeking out and destroying the predator crown-of-thorn starfish or COTS. Using GPS technology and powerful thrusters, the robot is designed to cruise about a metre above the coral surface and using visual recognition technology, it will look for the pests. When it sees one, an injector arm will shoot out and stab it. Continue reading

Semiconductor Dots

Quantum Dots: Applications for Artificial Atoms Expanding
By Lynn Savage, Feb 2011

Quantum dots, also known as semiconductor artificial atoms, have existed for several years now, and their use keeps on expanding. Primarily used as substitutes for dyes in fluorescence imaging, their propensity for being highly tunable emitters that resist photobleaching represents only a small fraction of their benefits.

Commonly but not always comprising cores of cadmium selenide with a coating of zinc sulfide, quantum dots are perhaps best known for the tunability of their emission wavelength, once excited by an external light source: Change the size of the particle, get a specific wavelength in return. Early research into the properties and potential uses for quantum dots kept them in solutions, and then later brought into proximity with a variety of other particles. This led to their nearly ubiquitous use as donors in Förster’s resonance energy transfer (FRET), a renowned method for near-diffraction-limit imaging of cells and other subjects. Continue reading

Artificial Atoms

Water Hemisphere

Land and Water Hemispheres

Land and Water Hemispheres, 1891
From University of South Florida

Description: A double hemisphere map of the world from 1891 showing the earth’s Land Hemisphere and Water Hemisphere.

“The accumulation of the land in the north and its separation in the south lead to a curious result — nearly all the land is collected in one hemisphere. If one point of a pair of compasses be placed at the Continue reading

Earth Chakras

twelvechakras_en_0156 Earth Chakras and Their Locations
From World of Heaven

There are 156 Earth chakras or energy centers (12 major and 144 minor) across the globe many of which are highlighted by massive mountains, hills, monuments, or other unusual anomalies. Those located in the seas or oceans hide submerged vortexes, currents, fissures, portals, and even secret cavernous cities or civilizations. Below is the list based on Robert Coon’s unique and extensive Continue reading

Eruption of Krakatao

Krakatoa eruption lithograph.jpg1883 Eruption of Krakatoa

The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) began in the afternoon of August 26, 1883, and culminated with several destructive eruptions of the remaining caldera. On August 27, two-thirds of Krakatoa collapsed in a chain of titanic explosions, destroying most of the island and its surrounding archipelago.

It was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history, with at least 36,417 deaths being attributed to the eruption itself and the tsunamis it created. Significant additional effects were also felt around the world.

Early phase

In the years before the 1883 eruption, seismic activity around the volcano was intense, with earthquakes felt as far away as Australia. Beginning 20 May 1883, steam venting began to occur regularly from Perboewatan, the northernmost of the island’s three cones. Continue reading