From The Vengeful Djinn by Rosemary Ellen Guiley and Philip J. Imbrogno, and The Encyclopedia of Demons & Demonology and The Encyclopedia of Angels by Rosemary Ellen Guiley.
In Islam, Iblis serves the same function as the Devil, tempting humans to make the wrong spiritual choices. The name Iblis means “despair” or “he who is despaired.” Iblis is also the chief and father of the Djinn. He can assume any form.
Iblis is mentioned nine times in the Qu’ran; seven of the references concern his fall from God’s grace. His other name, Shaytan (Shaitan), or “the deceiver,” , is used in context of his rebellion against God. Sura al-Kahf 18.50 in the Qu’ran states that Iblis “was one of the djinn, and he broke the command his Lord.” As a djinni, Iblis was created by God of smokeless fire. Suras 7.12 and 38.76 refer to his creation from fire.
Why Iblis fell from grace
The spirit Iblis is a Jinn, which are “mischievous” spirits of earth who reside in a universe parallel to the human world while maintaining the ability to interact in both realms. The Jinn are mortal and powerful spirits whose purpose is to tempt and possess (majnun) humans by creating illusions (ghurur) that familiarize mankind with “the eternal fire” of hell.
The Jinn in their natural state are too horrific for mankind to see, they are highly intelligent, they can Continue reading
By Alan G. Hefner
Iblis is the name for the devil in the Qur’an. Although the term “devil” comes from the Greek diabolos, the Muslims derived the name from the Arabic, balasa, “he despaired,” which can be interpreted “despaired of the mercy of God” but he is also al-Shairan, Satan, and “the enemy of God.” The latter aspect of Satan is a commonly shared belief of both Muslims and Christians.
According to one tradition, when Allah ordered the angels to bow down to the newly created man, Adam, Iblis refused to do so because he, being made of fire, thought himself superior to a creature made of earth. He continues tempting humans, especially through the whisper (waswas, “he Continue reading
Qur’an Incoherence and Contradiction
Is Satan an Angel or a Jinn?
Analyzing the Quran’s Confusing Statements
By Sam Shamoun
The Quran, in many citations, portrays Satan or Iblis as an angel:
And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam.” And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). S. 2:34
And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him.” So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblis Continue reading
The Seven Sleepers, commonly called the “Seven Sleepers of Ephesus”, refers to a group of Christian youths who hid inside a cave outside the city of Ephesus around 250 AD, to escape a persecution of Christians being conducted during the reign of the Roman emperor Decius. Another version is that Decius ordered them imprisoned in a closed cave to die there as punishment for being Christians. Having fallen asleep inside the cave, they purportedly awoke approximately 180 years later during the reign of Theodosius II, following which they were reportedly seen by the people of the now-Christian city before dying. Continue reading