A statue of the final Egyptian God’s Wife of Amun at Thebes, Ankhenesneferibre (from Pinterest)
A Short History of Egypt – to about 1970
[Unknown Student, Stanford University]
Chapter 9. – The Decline of the Empire.
By 1085 B.C. the great days of Egypt were over. Except for an interlude in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. the seven and a half centuries from 1085 B.C, to the conquest by Alexander the Great [Murderer] was a period of internal disunity and foreign Nomination.
The approximate chronology of this period is as follows
1085 – 945. Twenty first Dynasty – divided rule.
944 – 715. Twenty second to Twenty fourth Dynasties – divided rule and Libyan control.
715 – 664. Twenty fifth (Ethiopian) Dynasty.
664 – 525. Twenty sixth (Egyptian – Saite) Dynasty. Renaissance of Egyptian culture and power.
525 – 404. Twenty seventh (Persian) Dynasty.
404 – 343. Twenty eighth to Thirtieth Dynasties. Some degree of independence from Persia.
343 – 332. Thirty first (Persian) Dynasty.
332 B.C. Conquest by Alexander the [Armenian].
The Twenty first Dynasty – nobles of Tanis in the delta – strove for authority against the priests of Amun in Thebes. The Twenty second to Twenty fourth Dynasties was a further period of divided rule, during which Libyan chiefs who had been employed in the Egyptian army founded a Libyan dynasty with their capital at Bubastis in the delta. Then came the conquest of Egypt by the Kings of Cush Continue reading
An Eternal Curse upon the Reader of These Lines
Robert K. Ritner, 2003
In retribution for the ‘prying’ or ‘intrusive curiosity’ inherent in the reading of another’s words, the Argentine novelist Manuel Puig entitled a 1980 work ‘Eternal Curse on the Reader of these Pages.’ The same sentiment appears in Egyptian magic. A Coptic curse preserved in the British Museum (Oriental Ms. 5986) begins with an invocation for divine wrath directed not against its primary victims (who are later damned by name), but against the accidental discoverer:
God of heaven and earth! Whoever shall open this papyrus and read what is written in (it), may all those things written in it descend upon him.1
A counterpart is provided by the Coptic Papyrus Lichaev, which concludes a specific curse with a similar generic warning:
Whoever opens this papyrus and reads it, what is written on it will come upon him, by order of the lord god.2
Such invocations of divine hostility have their origin well before Coptic Christianity, in magical practices of Late Period Egypt that exploit the bond between the demonic and the divine. Continue reading
ADAM’S CALENDAR AND THE HIDDEN RUINS OF SOUTHERN AFRICA
By Michael Tellinger
Scholars have told us that the first civilisation on Earth emerged in a land called Sumer some 6,000 years ago. Recent archaeological findings suggest that the Sumerians may have inherited some of their knowledge from an earlier civilisation that emerged many thousands of years earlier in southern Africa, the cradle of humankind. More than 100,000 years ago, early humans built a stone calendar that precedes all other man-made structures found to date. This discovery is so astounding that it requires a true paradigm shift in our approach to ancient human activity, as it takes us closer to the emergence of the earliest humans on planet Earth.
Ancient stone ruins and a sophisticated clifftop calendar found in southern Africa could be at least 100,000 years old and are evidence that this region was the cradle of humankind as well as home to the Continue reading
What Is Kemetic Yoga?
By Sehu Khepera Ankh
The Egyptian Book of the Dead
Generally, the Ancient Egyptian writings are commonly referred and demarcated as the Pyramid Text, the Coffin Text, the Papyrus Text , and the Am Duat Text based on the media in which they were written on. However this demarcation is not conclusive because there can be papyrus scriptures written on chapel walls and Am Duat Text written on papyrus paper. Therefore, the common delineation of the Medu Neter must be revised to reflect the specific genre of the text being referenced and not so much based on the media in which they were written on. Therefore, an overall genre specific categorization is more appropriate. In as such a certain genre may be predominantly written on a certain media, however, the media itself should not be the final determiner of how the text should be categorized and delineated. Continue reading
Law of HeruKhuti
Know that God neither punishes nor rewards nor protects, that you will have the comfort of controlling these for yourself.
Reasoning: If adversity which cannot be avoided is not the cause of suffering that follows our failure to reclaim our original nature (peace), then we must make spiritual growth our highest priority. If we are one, then I must refrain from doing you wrong (even self-defensively wishing you ill) to avoid doing me wrong—the key to justice and protection from others.
Sphere 5 of the Tree represents that aspect of Spirit from which Divine Law is “enforced.” In the Kamitic tradition, the Continue reading
From Illusions 1
By Atiba K. King (2000)
SOMALIA—Known in Africa since ancient times as God’s Land, was believed to be the home of the earliest Kings of Egypt. (From the 1981 edition of ‘The New Book of Knowledge’)
Egypt long ago recognized the truth that artistic poses and melodies must be spiritually righteous so as to project goodness of the soul and body if they are to be practiced by the youth. They drew up the inventory of all the standard types and consecrated them in their temples. All practitioners of the arts were forbidden to innovate on these models. In both music and the arts these prohibitions still exist. If you inspect their paintings and reliefs for over ten thousand years you will find in all precision they exhibit an identical artistry. In the matter of music this proves that it is possible to canonize melodies which exhibit an intrinsic rightness permanently by law. Egyptian legislators and statesmen deserve immense credit for these actions. Egyptian tradition states that the melodies preserved for so many ages were the work of [Auset]. (paraphrase taken from Laws II, pp.656d-657b by ‘Plato the Collected Dialogues’ edited by Hamilton and Cairns) Continue reading