Smith’s Bible Dictionary
(splendor of the king)
The name of an idol introduced into Samaria by the colonists from Sepharvaim. (2 Kings 17:31) He was worshipped with rites resembling those of Molech, children being burnt in his honor.
Adrammelech was probably the male power of the sun, and ANAMMELECH, who is mentioned with Adrammelech as a companion god, the female power of the sun.
Son of the Assyrian king Sennacherib, who, with his brother Sharezer, murdered their father in the temple of Nisroch at Nineveh, after the failure of the Assyrian attack on Jerusalem. The parricides escaped into Armenia. (2 Kings 19:37; 2 Chronicles 32:21; Isaiah 37:38)
Adrammelech (Adramelech, Adramelek or Adar-Malik) (Hebrew: אַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ, Adrammelekh) was a form of sun god related to Moloch. [His consort is Anammelech is Anu-Malik, a Moon Goddess.]
The centre of his worship was the town of Sepharvaim. According to (II Kings 17:31) the cult was brought by the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria: “the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim”. Like Moloch.
Adrammelech is described as a son and murderer of Sennacherib, king of Assyria in II Kings 19:37) and Isaiah 37:38. In later times, he is associated with the Moloch of Carthage. This often leads to the concept that children were sacrificed to him. The concept of child sacrifice via burning them or placing them within a heated bronze statue of the god comes from Greek accounts and is not historically verifiable as no archaeological proof of such a large, bronze statue exists.
Like many pagan gods, Adrammelech is considered a demon in some Judeo-Christian traditions. So he appears in Milton’s Paradise Lost, where Adrammelech is a fallen angel, vanquished by Uriel and Raphael.
According to Collin de Plancy’s book on demonology, Adrammelech became the President of the Senate of the demons. He is also the Chancellor of Hell and supervisor of Satan’s wardrobe. Adrammelech is generally depicted with a human torso and head, and the limbs of a mule or peacock.
A poet’s description of Adrammelech can be found in Robert Silverberg’s short story “Basileus”. Adrammelech is described as “The enemy of God, greater in ambition, guile and mischief than Satan. A fiend more curst — a deeper hypocrite”.
Picture from Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal.