ABT of Kemet

KMT TumblrKemet Gods and Deities

Pharaohs as deities
From earliest times in Kemet the pharaohs were worshipped as Gods: the son of Ra, the son of Heru, the son of Amen, etc. depending upon what period of Kemet history and what part of the country is being considered. It should be noted that prayers, sacrifices, etc. to the pharaohs were extremely rare, if they occurred at all – there seems to be little or no evidence to support an actual ‘cult’ of the pharaoh. The pharaoh was looked upon as being chosen by and favored by the Gods, his fathers.


Amen, Amun, Amon (m): Supreme God. Amen was the patron deity of the city of Thebes from earliest times, and was viewed (along with his consort Amenet) as a primordial creation-deity by the priests of Hermopolis. Amen means “the Hidden One.” Up to the Middle Kingdom Amen was merely a local god in Thebes; but when the Thebans had established their sovereignty in Kemet, Amen became a prominent deity, and by Dynasty 18 was termed the King of the Gods. His famous temple Karnak, is the largest religious structure ever built by man. According to Budge, by Dynasty 19 or 20, Amen was thought of as “an invisible creative power which was the source of all life in heaven, and on the earth, and in the great deep, and in the Underworld, and which made itself manifest under the form of Ra.” Amen was self-created, according to later traditions; according to the older Theban traditions, Amen was created by Tehuti (Thoth) as one of the eight primordial deities of creation (Amen, Amenet, Heq, Heqet, Nun, Naunet, Kau, Kauket). During the New Kingdom, Amen’s consort was Mut, “Mother”, who seems to have been a “Great Mother” archetype. Their child was the moon god Khons. 

Amen-Ra, Amun-Ra, Amon-Re (m): Supreme God. A composite deity, devised to link New Kingdom (Dyn. XVIII-XXI) worship of Amen with the older solar cult of the god Ra. In a union of this sort, the deities are said to indwell one another – so we have the power represented by Amen manifesting through the person of Ra (or vice versa). This sort of relationship is common among Egyptian gods, particularly among cosmic or national deities. It is an example of how the Egyptian gods are viewed, as Morenz puts it, of having “personality but not individuality.”

Amenet, Amunet, Amonet or Amaunet (f): Primordial goddess in Ancient Kemet religion. She is a member of the Ogdoad and the consort of Amen. Her name means “the female hidden one”, the feminine form of Amun’s own name. It is likely that she was never an independent deity, but simply his female counterpart. She was identified with Neith as the mother of the god Ra. By the Twelfth dynasty she was overshadowed as Amun’s consort by Mut, but she remained locally important in the region of Thebes where Amun was worshipped. There she was seen as the protector of the pharaoh. Amunet was depicted as a woman wearing the Red Crown and carrying a staff of papyrus.

Ammut (f): God depicted with the head of a crocodile, the middle of a lioness, and the hind quarters of a hippopotamus. She was present during the weighing of the heart of a deceased person against the feather of Ma’at.

Anat, Anit, Enit (f): Goddess aspect of Auset. She is considered to be a daughter of Ra. She is often referred to as the consort of Menthu. She was depicted wearing a headdress similar to that of Meskhenet.

Anpu, Anubis (m): God of the Underworld. Son of NebtHet (Nephthys) and Ausar (Osiris). Anpu was depicted as a jackal-headed man. Probably because of the jackal’s tendency to prowl around tombs, he became associated with the dead, and by the Old Kingdom, he was worshipped as the inventor of embalming, who had embalmed the murdered Ausar, thus helping preserve him in order to live again. His task became to glorify and preserve all the dead. Anpu was also worshipped under the form Upuaut (“Opener of the Ways”), sometimes with a rabbit’s head, who conducted the souls of the dead to their judgement, and who monitored the Scales of Truth to protect the dead from the second death in Tuat (the underworld).

Anubis – See Anpu

Anuket, Anuqet, Anukis (f): Goddess of the Nile, dispenser of cool water. Anuket was part of a triad with the god Khnum, and the goddess Satis. Anuket wore a feathered crown on her human head. In Upper Egypt, around Elephantine, Anuket was worshipped as the companion (generally the daughter) of Khnum and Sati. Ceremonially, when the Nile started its annual flood, the Festival of Anuket began. People threw coins, gold, and precious gifts into the river, in thanks for the life-giving water and returning benefits derived from the wealth provided by her fertility to the goddess. Eating certain fish which were considered sacred, suggesting that a fish species of the Nile was a totem for Anuket and that they were consumed as part of the ritual of her major religious festival.

Apis (m): An early deity, probably the best known Egyptian deity represented only as an animal, and never as a human with an animal’s head. Apis was most closely linked with Ptah, and his cult center was Memphis. He was primarily a deity of fertility. He was represented as a bull crowned with the solar disk and uraeus-serpent. A sacred Apis bull was kept in Memphis, and there is a great mass burial of Apis bulls, the Serapis (Serapeum) located there.

Aten, Aton (m): The sun-disk itself, recognized first in the Middle Kingdom, and later becoming an aspect of the sun god. In the reign of Amenhotep IV during Dynasty 18, Aten was depicted as a disk with rays, each ray terminating in a human hand and bestowing symbols of “life” upon those below. Aten was declared the only true deity during this period, but the worship of Amen and the other deities was restored by Amenhotep IV’s successor Tutankhamen. Morenz believes the name “Aten” was pronounced something like “Yati”.

Atum – A primordial creator god, worshipped as the head of the Heliopolitan family of gods. Father of Shu and Tefnut, and in later times believed to be one with the sun god Ra.

Ausar, Osiris, Asar, Wusar (m): God of Agriculture and vegetation, became the God of the dead and judge of the deceased and resurrection into eternal life. Ausar res was a ruler, protector. He ruled the world of men in the beginning, after Ra had abandoned the world to rule the skies. Ausar was the first child of Nut and Geb, and the brother of Set, Nebthet (Nephthys), and Auset (Isis). Auset was also his wife. According to some stories, Nebthet assumed the form of Auset, and seduced him. From their union was born Anpu (Anubis). Ausar was murdered by his brother Set. Being the first King to die, Ausar became Lord of the dead. After his death, his wife Auset obtained a child, Heru (Horus). Heru avenged Ausar by defeated his uncle Set and cast him out into the desert of Lower Egypt. Ausar’s tomb is located in Abydos. Prayers and spells were addressed to Ausar throughout Kemet history, in hopes of securing his blessing and entering the afterlife which he ruled; but his popularity steadily increased through the Middle Kingdom. By Dynasty 18 he was probably the most widely worshipped god in Kemet. His popularity endured past the latest phases of Kemet history.

Auset, Isis, Waset, Aiset (f): Goddess of motherhood, and magical spells and charms. She was believed to be the most powerful magician in the universe, owing to the fact that she had learned the Secret Name of Ra from the god himself. She was the sister of Ausar (Osiris), Set, and twin sister NebHet (Nephthys). She was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Heru (Horus). She was the protective goddess of Heru’s son Imsety, protector of the liver of the deceased. Auset was responsible for protecting Heru from Set during his infancy; for helping Ausar to return to life; and for assisting her husband to rule in the land of the Dead. She was adopted into the family of Ra in later Kemet history by the priests of Heliopolis, but from the New Kingdom onwards (c. 1500 BCE), she became more or less universally worshiped, as her husband was. In the duality of our reality, Auset represents our feminine aspects: creation, rebirth, ascension, intuition, psychic abilities, higher chakras, higher frequency vibrations, love, and compassion. She is the Yin energies: the mother nurturer, the High Priestess, the Goddess of all mythological tales.

Bastet, Bast, Baast, Ubasti, Basetis (f): Cat Goddess, worshiped at least since the Second Dynasty, in the Delta city of Bubastis. Bastet was a goddess of the sun throughout most of Ancient Egyptian history, but later when she was changed into a cat goddess, she was changed to a goddess of the moon by Greeks occupying Lower Egypt. She was the goddess of protection against contagious diseases and evil spirits. Her role in the ruler pantheon became diminished as Sekhmet, the Lioness Goddess, became more dominant in the unified culture of Lower and Upper Egypt. She is also known as the Lady of Asheru, and the Eye of Ra. As the daughter of Ra she is associated with the rage inherent in the Eye of Ra, his instrument of vengeance. As a protector of cats, she became an important deity in the home (since cats were prized pets) and also important in the iconography (since papyri usually show the serpents which attack the Sun being killed by cats). She becomes a peaceful deity, destroying only vermin. She was viewed as the beneficent side of the Lioness Goddess Sekhmet.

Bat (f): Cow goddess. She was depicted as a human face with cow ears and horns. By the time of the Middle Kingdom, her identity and attributes were subsumed within the goddess HetHeru (Hathor). The imagery of Bat as a divine cow was remarkably similar to that of Hathor, a parallel goddess from Lower Egypt. In two dimensional images, both goddesses often are depicted straight on, facing the onlooker and not in profile in accordance with the usual Egyptian convention. The significant difference in their depictions is that Bat’s horns curve inward and HetHeru’s curve outward slightly. It is possible that this could be based in the different breeds of cattle herded at different times.

Bes – Guardian Dwarf God from Persia. He was grotesque in appearance, benign in nature. He was a plump, bandy-legged, hairy, rude dwarf with a wicked gleam in his pop-eyes. His tongue resolutely stuck out at the follies of mankind. Bes was a foreign god, came to Kemet during the 12th Dynasty. He was said to chase away demons of the night and guarding men form dangerous animals. He was considered a tutelary god of childbirth, and female adornments. Revered as a deity of household pleasures such as music, good food, and relaxation. Also a protector and entertainer of children. He eventually became a protector of the dead, and even competed with the magnificent Ausar for the attention of men.

Duamutef, Tuamutef (m): One of the Four Sons of Heru. Duamutef was represented as a mummified man with the head of a jackal. He was the protector of the stomach of the deceased, and was protected by the goddess Neith.

Four Sons of Heru: The four sons of Heru (the Elder) were the protectors of the parts of the body of Ausar, and from this, became the protectors of the body of the deceased. They were: Imsety, Hapi, Duamutef, and Qebhsenuef. They were protected in turn by the Auset, Nebthet, Neith, and Serket.

Geb, Seb, Gab (m): God of the Earth. Son of Shu and Tefnut; brother and husband of Nut; and father of Ausar, Set, Auset, and NebtHet. He is generally represented as a man with green or black skin – the color of living things, and the color of the fertile Nile mud, respectively. Several New Kingdom funerary texts say that Geb would hold imprisoned the souls of the wicked, that they might not ascend to heaven. Note that Geb is masculine, contrasting with many other traditions of Earth being female. His sacred animal and symbol was the goose.

Hapi (m): 1. One of the Four Sons of Heru. Hapi was represented as a mummified man with the head of a baboon. He was the protector of the lungs of the deceased, and was protected by the goddess Nebthet. 2. Spelled with different hieroglyphs, Hapi is also the name of the god who was the personification of the River Nile, depicted as a corpulent man (fat signifying abundance) with a crown of lilies (Upper Nile) or papyrus plants (Lower Nile).

 

Heqet (f0: Primordial goddess with the head of a frog, worshipped as one of the Eight Gods at Hermopolis, and seen as the consort of Khnum at Antinoë.

 

Heru, Horus (m): One of the most important deities of Kemet. As the Child, Heruis the son of Ausar and Auset, who, upon reaching adulthood, avenges his father’s death, by defeating and castrating his evil uncle Set. He then became the divine prototype of the Pharaoh.

Heru of Behdet, Hadit (m): Heru or Horus of the city of Behdet, shown in the well-known form of a solar disk with a great pair of wings, usually seen hovering above important scenes in Egyptian religious art. Made popular by Aleister Crowley under the poorly transliterated name “Hadit”, the god appears to have been a way of depicting the omnipresence of Heru.

Heru the Child, Harpocrates, Hor-pa-kraat (m): Ruler God. Son of Auset and Ausar, depicted as a little suckling child, distinguished from Heru the Elder, who was the patron deity of Upper Egypt. Represented as a young boy with a child’s sidelock of hair, sucking his finger. The old English occult group, the Golden Dawn, connected him with silence, presumably because the sucking of the finger is suggestive of the common “shhh” gesture.

Heru-Ur, heruthe Elder (m):  Patron deity of Upper (Southern) Egypt from the earliest times. “Heru the Elder” was the viewed as the twin brother of Set (the patron of Lower Egypt), but he became the conqueror of Set ca. 3000 BC when Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and formed the unified kingdom.

HetHeru, Het-Hert, Hathor (f): Cow Goddess of fertility. She has been worshipped as a cow-deity from earliest times. Het-Heru means “the House of Heru”)and Het-Hert means “the House Above”. Both terms refer to her as a Sky goddess, and the latter shows her as the consort of Heru [Heru-Ur]. In later times she is often connected with, or even equated with, Auset. She was usually shown with a solar disk flanked by cow horns on her head. At Thebes, she was considered a goddess of the dead, and wore the hieroglyph for “West” (amenta) on her head. She was also the patron of love, dance, alcohol, and foreign lands.

 

Imhotep (m): Historical figure. He was the architect, physician, scribe, and vizier of the 3rd Dynasty pharaoh Zoser. It was Imhotep who conceived and built the Step Pyramid at Sakkara. In the Late Period, Imhotep was worshipped as the son of Ptah and a god of medicine, as well as the patron (with Tehuti) of scribes. The Greeks considered him to be Asklepios, the god of medicine.

Imsety, Amset, Mestha (m):  One of the Four Sons of Heru, Amset was represented as a mummified man. He was the protector of the liver of the deceased, and was protected by the goddess Isis.

Khepera, Khepri (m): Creator God, according to early Heliopolitan cosmology. He was later assimilated with Atum and Ra. The root kheper signifies several things, according to context, most notably the verb “to create” or “to transform”, and also the word for “scarab beetle”. The scarab, or dung beetle, was considered symbolic of the sun since it rolled a ball of dung in which it laid its eggs around with it – this was considered symbolic of the sun god propelling the sphere of the sun through the sky.

Khnum (m): Creator God, the Potter. Appearing as a ram-headed human, Khnum was worshipped most at Antinoe and Elephantine. He was represented as fashioning human beings on his pottery wheel. His consort was variously Heqet, Neith, or Sati.

Khonsu, Khons (m): Moon God. He was the third member (with his parents Amen and Mut) of the great triad of Thebes. The best-known story about him tells of him playing the ancient game senet (“passage”) against Tehuti, and wagering a portion of his light. Tehuti won, and because of losing some of his light, Khonsu cannot show his whole glory for the entire month, but must wax and wane. The main temple in the enclosure at Karnak is dedicated to him.

Ma’at (f): Goddess of Truth and Justice. Ma’at’s name implies “truth” and “justice” and even “cosmic order”. She is an anthropomorphic personification of the concept maat. Considered the wife of Tehuti and the daughter of Ra. Ma’at was represented as a tall woman with an ostrich feather (the glyph for her name) in her hair. She was present at the judgement of the dead; her feather was balanced against the heart of the deceased to determine whether he had led a pure and honest life.

Mentu, Month, Men Thu (m): Principal god of Thebes before the rise of the Amen. He appeared as a falcon-headed man and often united with Horus. Primarily a war god.

Min, Menu, Amsu (m): God of Virility. He was considered a form of Amen depicted holding a flail (thought to represent a thunderbolt in Egyptian art) and with an erect penis; his full name was often given as Menu-ka-mut-f (“Min, Bull of his Mother”). Min was worshiped as the god of virility; lettuces were offered as sacrifice to him and then eaten in hopes of procuring manhood; and he was later worshiped as the husband of the goddess Qetesh, goddess of love and femininity.

Mut (f): Mother Goddess. She was the wife of Amen in Theban tradition; the word mut means “mother”. She was the mother of Khonsu, the moon god.

NebtHet, Nephthys (f): Goddess of Magic and charms. She is the “Lady of the House”, the youngest child of Geb and Nut. The sister Ausar, Auset, and Set. The wife of Set and the mother of Anpu (Anubis). She abandoned Set when he killed Ausar, and assisted Auset ithe resurrection of Ausar and the care of Heru. She was, along with her sister, considered the special protectress of the dead, and she was the guardian of Hapi, the protector of the lungs of the deceased.

Nefertum (m): Son of Ptah and Sekhmet, connected with the rising sun; depicted as a youth crowned with or seated upon a lotus blossom.

Neith, Net, Neit: Goddess of war. She was worshiped in the Delta; revered as a goddess of wisdom, and later identified with Athena by the Greeks. In later traditions, the sister of Auset, NebtHet, and Serket, and protector of Duamutef, the god of the stomach of the deceased. Mother of the crocodile god Sebek.

Nekhbet
Upper Egyptian patron goddess, represented as a vulture in iconography, and often part of the crown of the pharaoh, along with her Lower Egyptian counterpart Edjo.

 

Nut, Nuit (f): Goddess of the sky. Nut was generally depicted as a woman with blue skin, and her body covered with stars, standing on all fours, leaning over her husband, representing the sky arched over the earth. She is the daughter of Shu and Tefnut, sister and wife of Geb, mother of Ausar, Set, Auset, and NebtHet. Aleister Crowley, the English occultist, connected her with Hadit. This has no basis in Kemetology nor Egyptology, save only that Hadit was often depicted underneath Nut – one finds Nut forming the upper frame of a scene, and the winged disk Hadit floating beneath, silently as always. This is an artistic convention, and there was no marriage between the two in mythology.

Ptah (m): Creator of the universe. Ptah was worshipped in Memphis from the earliest dynastic times (c.3000 BC). He fashioned the bodies in which dwelt the souls of men in the afterlife. Other versions of the myths state that he worked under Thoth’s orders, creating the heavens and the earth according to Tehuti’s specifications. Ptah is depicted as a bearded man wearing a skullcap, shrouded much like a mummy, with his hands emerging from the wrappings in front and holding the Uas (phoenix-headed) scepter, an Ankh, and a Djed (sign of stability). He was often worshipped in conjunction with the gods Seker and Osiris, and worshipped under the name Ptah-seker-ausar. He was said to be the husband of Sekhmet and the father of Nefertum (and later, Imhotep).

Qebehsenuef, Qebsnewef (m): One of the Four Sons of Heru, Qebhsenuef was represented as a mummified man with the head of a falcon. He was the protector of the intestines of the deceased, and was protected by the goddess Serket.

Qetesh (f): Goddess of love and beauty. Persian deity, depicted as a nude woman, standing or riding upon a lion, holding flowers, a mirror, or serpents. She is generally shown full-face, like Bes. She was also considered the consort of the god Min, the god of virility.

Ra, Re (m): God of the Sun. His name is thought to have meant “creative power”, and as a proper name “Creator” to signify the “almighty God.” Ra is represented as a hawk-headed man. In order to travel through the waters of Heaven and the Underworld, Ra was depicted as traveling in a boat.
In dynastic Egypt, Ra’s cult center was Annu (Hebrew “On”, Greek “Heliopolis”, modern-day “Cairo”). In Dynasty 5, the first king, Userkaf, was also Ra’s high priest, and he added the term Sa-Ra (“Son of Ra”) to the titles of the pharaohs. Ra was father of Shu and Tefnut, grandfather of Nut and Geb, great-grandfather of Ausar, Set, Auset, and Nebthet, and great-great-grandfather to Heru. In later periods (about Dynasty 18 on) Ausar and Auset superceded Ra in popularity, but he remained Ra netjer-aa neb-pet (“Ra, the great God, Lord of Heaven”) whether worshiped in his own right or, in later times, as one aspect of the Lord of the Universe, Amen-Ra.

Ra-HeruKhuti, Ra-Horakhty (m): God of Justice HeruKhuti combined with Ra. . “Ra, who is Horus of the Horizons.” An appelation of Ra, identifying him with Heru, showing the two as manifestations of the singular Solar Force. The spelling “Ra-Hoor-Khuit” was popularized by the English occultist Aleister Crowley.

Sati (f): Goddess of Elephantine, and the consort of Khnum. Together with their companion Anuket, dispenser of cool water. Represented with human head, the crown of Upper Egypt, and the horns of gazelles.

Seker (m): God of light, protector of the spirits of the dead passing through the Underworld en route to the afterlife. Seker was worshiped in Memphis as a form of Ptah or as part of the compound deities Ptah-seker or Ptah-seker-ausar. Seker was usually depicted as having the head of a hawk, and shrouded as a mummy, similar to Ptah.

Sekhmet (f): Lioness goddess, worshiped in Memphis as the wife of Ptah; created by Ra from the fire of his eyes as a creature of vengeance to punish mankind for his sins; later, was transformed into a peaceful goddess of pleasure and happiness, Bast.

Serapis – Ptolemaic period god, devised by the Greeks from Ausar and Apis. Supposedly the consort of Isis, god of the afterlife and fertility. Also physician and helper of distressed worshippers. He never obtained much following from the native Egyptian population, who worshipped the original Apis. His cult center was Alexandria.

Serket, Serqet, Selket (f): Scorpion Goddess. She is shown as a beautiful woman with a scorpion poised on her head; her creature struck death to the wicked, but she was also petitioned to save the lives of innocent people stung by scorpions; she was also viewed as a helper of women in childbirth. She is depicted as binding up demons that would otherwise threaten Ra, and she sent seven of her scorpions to protect Auset from Set. She protected Qebehsenuef, the son of Heru who guarded the intestines of the deceased. She was made famous by her statue from Tutankhamen’s tomb, which was part of the collection which toured America in the 1970s.

Set, Sutekh, Seth (m):Patron deity of Lower (Northern) Egypt, and represented the fierce storms of the desert. However, when Upper Egypt conquered Lower Egypt and ushered in the 1st Dynasty, Set became known as the evil enemy of Heru (Upper Egypt’s dynastic god). Set was the brother of Ausar, Auset, and Nebthet. As the husband of Nebthet, he was supposed to have fathered Anpu. Set is best known for murdering his brother and attempting to kill his nephew Heru. Heru, however, managed to survive and grew up to avenge his father’s death by establishing his rule over all Kemet, castrating Set, and casting him out into the lonely desert for all time. In the 19th Dynasty there began a resurgence of respect for Set, and he was seen as a great god once more, the god who benevolently restrained the forces of the desert and protected Kemet from foreigners. This resurgence was probably due to the fact that the ruling family had red hair, long associated with Set himself.

Sebek, Sobek (M): Crocodile God. He was worshipped at the city of Arsinoë, called Crocodilopolis by the Greeks. Sebek was worshipped to appease him and his animals. According to some evidence, Sebek was considered a fourfold deity who represented the four elemental gods (Ra of fire, Shu of air, Geb of earth, and Osiris of water). In the Book of the Dead, Sebek assists in the birth of Heru; he fetches Auset and Nebthet to protect the deceased; and he aids in the destruction of Set.

Shu (m): God of the atmosphere and of dry winds. The name “Shu” is probably related to the root shu meaning “dry, empty.” Shu also seems to be a personification of the sun’s light. He is a son of Ra, brother and husband of Tefnut, father of Geb and Nut. Shu and Tefnut were also said to be but two halves of one soul, perhaps the earliest recorded example of “soulmates.” Represented in hieroglyphs by an ostrich feather (similar to Ma’at’s), which he is usually shown wearing on his head. He is generally shown standing on the recumbent Geb, holding aloft his daughter Nut, separating the two.

Sopdet: Sirius.

Sothis: Feminine Greek name for the star Sirius, which very early meshed with Isis (being the consort of Sahu-Ausar as Orion). Also associated with HetHeru.

Ta-urt, Thoueris (f): Hippopotamus goddess, responsible for fertility and protecting women in childbirth. Partner of Bes.

Tefnut (f): Goddess of moisture and clouds, daughter of Ra, sister and wife of Shu, mother of Geb and Nut. Depicted as a woman with the head of a lioness, which was her sacred animal. The name “Tefnut” probably derives from the root teftef, signifying “to spit, to moisten” and the root nu meaning “waters, sky.”

Tehuti, Djehuti, Thoth (m): God of wisdom, Tehuti, was said to be self-created at the beginning of time, along with his consort Ma’at (truth), or perhaps created by Ra. At Hermopolis it was said that from Tehuti were produced eight children, of which the most important was Amen, “the hidden one”, who was worshiped in Thebes as the Lord of the Universe. He was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis bird, and carried a pen and scrolls upon which he recorded all things. He was shown as attendant in almost all major scenes involving the gods, but especially at the judgement of the deceased. He served as the messenger of the gods (the Greek invented Hermes based on him). Tehuti served in Ausarian myths as the (ad)vizer (chief advisor and minister). He, like Khuns, God of the moon, is also the God of time, magic, and writing. He was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphs, called medju-netjer [MDW NTR] , “words of the gods”.

Wadjet, Uaudjet, Wedjo, Edjo (f): Serpent goddess of the Delta, a symbol and protrector of Lower Egypt, the counterpart of Nekhbet in Upper Egypt, worn as part of the king’s crown.

 

Main source: http://history-world.org/summary_of_egyptian_gods.htm, by Shawn C. Knight

See also: http://kemet.faithweb.com/Netjer.html

 

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