Abassi was the creator god in the pantheon of the Efik people of Nigeria. He is all knowing, all-seeing, and all-powerful. He created the world, both good and evil, and he wars against the evil. After a suggestion by his wife Atai, Abasi created the first humans and introduced them to the world. However, to prevent them from exceeding his wisdom, he ordered the first humans to neither procreate nor labor. This prohibition was followed for some time, but eventually the first couple did have children and work, thus doing some “creation” of their own. Unfortunately, they quickly created a terrible overpopulation problem, which made Abasi feel insecure. This led his wife Atai to give humanity two gifts, Argument and Death, which would help keep the numbers of humans down.
A malevolent spirit of West Africa near the Gold Coast.
The supreme god of the heavens of the Canary Islanders on the island of Palma – is both good and evil, and considered the creator of heaven and earth.
The supreme god of the Canary Islanders on the island of Gran Canaria.
Surinam sun god.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Adjassou-Linguetor is the god of spring water. She is a loa with protruding eyes and a bad temper. She lives under the mombin tree near a spring, and is very fond of alcohol.
The Tutelary god of the Lugbara; he is the immanent aspect of the sky god Adroa.
Adroa is the sky god of the Lugbara people of central Africa. He is the creator of Heaven and Earth, and he appears to those about to die. Adroa has two aspects: one good and one evil. His good and bad aspects are depicted as two half bodies: the evil one is short and coal black while his good aspect is tall and white.
The Adroanzi are the Lugbara nature gods of specific rivers, trees and other sacred wild areas. At night, they follow people and protect them from animals and bandits as long as they did not look over their shoulder to ensure that an Adroanzi was following. They were also sometimes known as water snakes.
Aganju (Agayu) is the Orisha of volcanos, the wilderness, and the river. As the third Orisha said to have come to earth, Aganjú is of great antiquity. Lukumi followers believe that Aganjú is a force that, like the sun that is his symbol, is essential for growth, as well as a cultivator of civilizations. Like the volcano with which he is also associated, he forms the foundation upon which societies are built and is the catalyst for the production of vast amounts of wealth and commerce needed for advanced development. He is most highly regarded by Lukumi practitioners for his role in assisting humans in overcoming great physical as well as psychological barriers. Like the volcano, Aganjú is noted for his legendary strength and his ability to bring about drastic change. Agunju is sometimes pictured as carrying Earth or Elegua on his shoulders.
Aganju is heavily associated with Shango, with some stating that he is Shango’s father, if not at least his brother. He shares many of Shango’s characteristics including fire and the double-headed hatchet. Aganju has been associated with Oshun, with whom he had a relationship, as well as with Yemoja. He is associated with the shoulder and has a strong, powerful, and determined character. Being a recognised member of the deified royal family of old Oyo, he is considered “one heart” with Oya.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Agassu is Dohomean in origin, and belongs to the Fon and Yoruba tribes. In Dahomey, he is the result of a union between a panther and a woman. He is associated with water deities and sometimes takes the form of a crab. He is one of the mythical creatures who once gave assistance to the Ancestor. He is considered one of the loa masons. When a person is possessed by Agassu, his hands become crooked and stiff, therefore resembling claws.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Agau is a very violent god. Earth tremors and the frightening sounds associated with storms are attributed to Agau. The trances induced by his mounting are so violent that there have been deaths associated to his brutality. It is said that when the earth tremors, Agau is angry. Those who are strong enough to keep him in their bodies are puffing with all their strength and sputtering like seals. One has to be very strong to harbor this spirit.
Agau is the inseparable companion of Sogbo. When Sogbo and Bade (the loa of lighting and wind) act together and call upon Agau, a thunder storm is produced. Bade and Agau share the same functions, loa of the winds.
The son of Mawu-Lisa who rules the waters of the earth.
Agé is a god of the mythology of the Fon people of Africa. He is the son of Mawu-Lisa. Agé is the patron god of hunters, the wilderness, and the animals within it.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Agwé (Agoueh, Agive) is a god who rules over the sea, fish, and aquatic plants, as well as the patron loa of fishermen and sailors. He is considered to be married to Erzulie Freda and La Sirene. In his Rada aspect he is called Met Agwe Tawoyo and is envisioned as a handsome light-skinned man with green eyes, often wearing a naval officer’s uniform. He is considered to be a gentleman who commands respect and embodies several ideals of masculinity including bravery, reserve and provision. He is the protector of seafaring men.
The service for Agwe is quite different from others since it is on the sea itself. Offerings to Agwe are left on constructed rafts which are floated out to sea. His offerings include champagne, gunfire, toy ships, savory exotic foods, naval rum, and rams whose wool has been dyed with indigo. His colours are white, blue and occasionally brown. He goes by several titles, including “The Angel in the Mirror” and “The Tadpole in the Pond”. He is invoked under the names “Shell of the Sea”, “Eel”, and “Tadpole of the Pond”.
Agwi Nsi is the Igbo god of health and divination. He is one of the concepts that was used by the Igbo to explain and understand good and evil, health and sickness, wealth and poverty, and fortune and misfortune.
Ahia Njoku (also known as Ifejioku), is a goddess worshipped by the Igbo people of Nigeria.
She is responsible for yams, which were an ingredient important in the Igbo diet, and the women who care for them.ahanjoku festival is celebred among the igbo people a full moon before the new yam festival.
The Yoruba god of unborn children.
The principle god of the Lotuko of Sudan.
An Egyptian earth god, also presiding over the juncture of the western and eastern horizons in the Underworld.
The supreme creator god of the Ngombe of Congo. It is believed he once lived with humans but disappeared into the forest once people proved too fractious. There is another version in which humans lived with him in heaven, and were then placed on earth.
The supreme god of the Turkana people of Kenya.
Ala (also known as Ani, Ana, Ale, Ali) is the female Alusi (deity) of the earth, morality, fertility and creativity in Odinani. She is the most important Alusi in the Igbo pantheon. In Odinani, Ala rules over the underworld which holds the deceased ancestors in her womb. Her name literally translates to ‘Ground’ in the Igbo language, denoting her powers over the earth and her status as the ground itself. Ala is considered the highest Alusi in the Igbo pantheon. Ala’s husband is Amadioha, the sky deity.
As the goddess of morality, Ala is involved in judging human actions and is in charge of Igbo law and customs known as ‘Omenala’. Taboos and crimes among Igbo communities that are against the standard of Ala are called nsọ Ala. All ground is considered ‘Holy land’ as it is Ala herself. With human fertility, Ala is credited for the productivity of the land. Ala’s messenger and living agent on earth is the python (Igbo: éké), which is especially revered in many Igbo communities. In art, Ala is often represented as a regal figure seated on a throne, surrounded by her family. In the past, such figures took the form of life-size mud sculptures in special festive shrines dedicated to the deity and known as Mbari.
The Kono creator god. (West Africa)
Amadioha (Igbo literal meaning “free will of the people”) is the god of thunder and lightning of the Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria. He is referred to as Amadiora, Kamalu, Kalu Akanu, Kamanu, Ofufe. Astrologically, his governing planet is the Sun. His color is red, and his symbol is a white ram. Metaphysically, Amadioha represents the collective will of the people. He is often associated with Anyanwu, who is the Igbo god of the Sun. His day is Afo, which is the second market day of the Igbo four day week.
The supreme Dogon god who created the sun and the moon. The myth of Dogon is used to justify female circumcision as it is practiced in many parts of Africa. It is said that he tried to procreate with the earth (female) except his passage was blocked by a “red termite hill” that had to be cut away before he could mate with the earth. (Mali)
Amunet (Amenet, Amonet or Amaunet) was a primordial goddess in Ancient Egyptian religion. She is a member of the Ogdoad and the consort of Amun. Her name, meaning “the female hidden one”, was simply the feminine form of Amun’s own name. Therefore, it is likely that she was never an independent deity, but was created as his female counterpart. The Egyptians identified her with Neith as the mother of the god Ra. By the Twelfth dynasty she was overshadowed as Amun’s consort by Mut, but she remained locally important in the region of Thebes where Amun was worshipped, and there she was seen as a protector of the pharaoh. Amunet was depicted as a woman wearing the Red Crown and carrying a staff of papyrus.
An Egyptian god depicted with the head of a crocodile, the middle of a lioness, and the hind quarters of a hippopotamus. She was present during the weighing of the heart of a deceased person against the feather of Ma’at.
Anaisa Pye (Anaisa Pie Danto, Anaisa La Chiquita) is a very popular loa within Dominican Vodou. She is considered the patron saint of love, money, and general happiness within the 21 Divisions. She is often considered extremely flirtatious, generous, and playful by her devotees. She is also very jealous of the worship of other female loas, as she considers herself able to provide for anything a person could request. Her feast day is celebrated on 26 July and her favorite colors are yellow and pink.
Ashanti spider trickster. One of the most important characters of West African and Caribbean folklore. He is also known as Ananse, Kwaku Ananse, and Anancy; and in the Southern United States he has evolved into Aunt Nancy. He is a spider, but often acts and appears as a man. The story of Anansi is akin to the tricksters Coyote, Raven or Iktomi found in many Native American cultures.
The Anansi tales are believed to have originated in the Ashanti people in Ghana. The word Anansi is Akan and means, simply, spider. Through the diaspora this spread to the West Indies, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles. On Curaçao, Aruba, and Bonaire he is known as Nanzi, and his wife as Shi Maria.
Anat (Anta, Anit, Enit) is an ancient Egyptian goddess. She is considered to be a daughter of Ra. Anat is an aspect of Astarte (Ishtar). She was depicted as a female wearing a headdress similar to that of Meskhenet. She is often referred to as the consort of Menthu.
An Egyptian god in antrhopomorphic form.
An Egyptian sky god, associated with Shu.
The Egyptian god Anubis (Anpu) is depicted as a man with the head of a jackal.
In Egyptian mythology, Anuket (Anqet, in Greek: Anukis) was originally the personification and goddess of the Nile river, in areas such as Elephantine, at the start of the Nile’s journey through Egypt, and in nearby regions of Nubia. Anuket was part of a triad with the god Khnum, and the goddess Satis. Anuket was depicted as a woman with a headdress of feathers. Her sacred animal was the gazelle.
Ceremonially, when the Nile started its annual flood, the Festival of Anuket began. People threw coins, gold, jewelry, and precious gifts into the river, in thanks for the life-giving water and returning benefits derived from the wealth provided by her fertility to the goddess. The taboo held in several parts of Egypt, against eating certain fish which were considered sacred, was lifted during this time, suggesting that a fish species of the Nile was a totem for Anuket and that they were consumed as part of the ritual of her major religious festival.
Anyanwu is an Igbo deity that is believed to dwell in the sun. Anyanwu was one of the principal spirits for the Igbo, often associated with Agbara, the holy spirit as they both dwelled in the sun. This deity was seen as the perfect image of what a human should be.
The central Nigerian creator god.
The Ugandan creator god.
The Sudanese war god who was depicted with a lion’s head and human body. Elephants and cattle were sacred to him.
The sky god of the Bambuti of the Congo, who created the first man from clay.
Kafir god of contractual agreements.
Asase Ya (Asaase Ye)
Asase Ya (or Asae Efua) is the Ashanti Earth goddess of fertility. She is the wife of Nyame the Sky deity, who created the universe. She gave birth to the two children, Bea (or Bia) and Tano. She is also the mother of Anansi, the trickster, and divine stepmother of the sacred high chiefs. Asase Yaa is very powerful, though no temples are dedicated to her, instead she is worshipped in the fields. Her favoured people are workers in the fields and planet Jupiter is her symbol.
The sun god of Kenya and Uganda Suk and Pokot.
Astarte (Ishtar) is an Ethopian sky god. Ishtar is an Assyro-Babylonian goddess that was inducted into the Egyptian pantheon and made a daugher of Amen-Ra. Sometimes she gets identified with Auset (Isis).
Ataa Naa Nyongmo
The Gan creator god of Ghana.
The son of the supreme god of Madagaskar
Ausar (Asar, Osiris, Wesir) is the god of ressurection in the Underworld and the Judge of the dead. He is the first child of Geb and Nut. The god of Perfect Black Skin. He is the brother of Set, NebtHet and Auset. Ausar fathered Horus by his wife Auset, and Anubis by her twin sister NebtHet. Ausar ruled the world of men after Ra had abandoned the world to rule the skies. Ausar was murdered by his jealous brother Set. Through the magic of Auset, he was made to live again. Being the first god to die, he subsequently became the lord of the dead. His death was avenged by his son Horus, who defeated Set and cast him out into the desert to the west of Egypt (the Sahara).
Auset (Aset, Isis) is the feminine archetype for creation as the goddess of fertility and motherhood. In the duality of our reality, she represents our feminine aspects: cretion, rebirth, ascension, intuition, psychic abilities, higher chakras, higer frequency vibrations, love, and compassion. She is the Yin energies: themother nurturer, the High Priestess, the Goddess of all mythological tales.
The Fon god of fishermen.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Ayezan (Aizan, Ayizan) is Dahomean in origin and represented by an old woman in personificatio. She is Legba’s wife. Ayizan is the loa of the marketplace and commerce. She protects the markets, public places, doors, and barriers, and has deep knowledge of the intricacies of the spirit world. Her favorite tree is the palm tree. She is one of the oldest gods, and is therefore entitled to first offerings at services. She often mounts people only after her husband appears at the scene.
She is a racine, or root Loa, associated with Vodoun rites of initiation (called kanzo). Just as her husband Loco is the archetypal Houngan (priest), Ayizan is regarded as the first, or archetypal Mambo (priestess), and as such is also associated with priestly knowledge and mysteries, particularly those of initiation, and the natural world. Her symbol is the palm frond, she drinks no alcohol, and is the wife of Loko Atisou. Her colours are most commonly gold, yellow and white.
As a Mambo, Ayezan is reputed to have many children (devotees); she cares for her children greatly; she has a good, loving heart. She punishes those who have made mistakes not because she is a sadistic woman but to correct their behavior in the future. She will punish those adults taking advantage of the young, the rich of the poor, the strong of the weak and the husband of the wife. She is believed to have the ability to purify her surroundings and to exorcise malevolent spirits from her devotees.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Especially in Benin and Haiti, Ayida-Weddo (Ayida, Aido Quedo, Aido Hwedo) is a loa of fertility, rainbows, wind, water, fire, and snakes. She is known as the Rainbow Serpent. She is married to husband/companion Damballah-Wedo, the Sky God is also a Loa of creation. She is quite submissive and very delicate. Her co-wife is Erzullie.
It is said that whoever “can grasp the diadem of Ayida will be assured wealth” (Metraux, p. 105). Also known as Ayida Wedo: her job is that of holding up the earth. Ayida-Weddo’s symbols are the rainbow and white paket kongo. Her ceremonial colors are white and blue. Appropriate offerings to her include white chickens, white eggs, rice, and milk. Her favorite plant is cotton.
The Fon people of Benin believes the rainbow snake Ayida-Weddo held up the heavens. The creature had a twin personality as the red part of the rainbow was male, while the blue part was female. She is portrayed as a narrow green snake. Like Damballah, she lives in the sky as well as in all the trees, springs, pools, and rivers.
Haitian Yoruba Vodoun deity. Azacca or Zaka, is the loa of agriculture. He is generally seen as the brother of Ghede. For this reason Ghede will often come to the ceremonies for Zaka and come when Zaka has mounted someone.
Zaka is a gentle simple peasant, but greatly respected by the peasants since he is a very hard worker. He is addressed as “cousin”. He is found wherever there is country. He is usually barefoot, carries a macoute sack, wears a straw hat, and has a pipe in his mouth. By nature he is suspicious, out for profit, fond of quibbling, and has a fear and hatred of town folk. He is known for his gossip he spreads and for his “girl chasing.” He is young and likes to play when not working.
There are interesting similarities between the sophisticated Ghede and the more bumbling Azacca, as though a younger less sophisticated brother were imitating a more secure older brother. Like Ghede, Zaka loves his food. But, unlike Ghede, he is rude and voracious in his eating habits, often running away to hide with him food and eat it quickly. His favorite dishes to eat are the ones peasants feed on–boiled maize, bread soaked in oil and slices of small intestine with fatty membrane fried, unrefined sugar. His favorite drink is white rum and his tree is the avocado.
Cousin Zaka controls the fields, and like the farmers themselves, he is very watchful of detail. When he mounts someone he often spills out all the local gossip to the embarrassment and amusement of all. He does not forgive easily.
Zaka is a polygamist and considers all his children as investments. He stands for the incest taboo, though, and will not break it no matter how rich he could become.
In Vodou, and especially in Haiti, Azaka-Tonnerre is a loa of thunder. Azaka-Tonnerre is in the same group of Loa as Azaka Medeh – the Loa of agriculture.
– African and African Originated Deities, by Alun Mandulu Bess El.