Egypt to Sudan to Egypt

Anglo-Egyptian_Sudan_Nubian_womanFrom Illusions 1
By Atiba K. King (2000)

SOMALIA—Known in Africa since ancient times as God’s Land, was believed to be the home of the earliest Kings of Egypt. (From the 1981 edition of ‘The New Book of Knowledge’)

Egypt long ago recognized the truth that artistic poses and melodies must be spiritually righteous so as to project goodness of the soul and body if they are to be practiced by the youth. They drew up the inventory of all the standard types and consecrated them in their temples. All practitioners of the arts were forbidden to innovate on these models. In both music and the arts these prohibitions still exist. If you inspect their paintings and reliefs for over ten thousand years you will find in all precision they exhibit an identical artistry. In the matter of music this proves that it is possible to canonize melodies which exhibit an intrinsic rightness permanently by law. Egyptian legislators and statesmen deserve immense credit for these actions. Egyptian tradition states that the melodies preserved for so many ages were the work of Isis. (paraphrase taken from Laws II, pp.656d-657b by ‘Plato the Collected Dialogues’ edited by Hamilton and Cairns)

The Greeks first came to Egypt and settled there in the 7th century B.C. The Persians entered Egypt in the latter part of the 6th century B.C. and stayed until 332 B.C. when they were expelled by Alexander. (from ‘The History’ by the Greek historian Herodotus approx. 425 B.C., trans. by David Grene.)

Accounts of the religion and gods of ancient Egypt by greek and roman historians and philosophers contain much useful and valuable information for their countrymen. However, there is no evidence in any of the accounts that they knew of or even suspected the chief characteristics of the Egyptian religion. The writers had no knowledge of the cult of Osiris or his history because they could not read the native literature of Egypt. (paraphrase from the preface to ‘Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection’ by E. A. Wallace Budge; pp.vii and viii.)

A review of the principle texts concerning the religion of ancient Egypt proves beyond all doubt that the indigenous religion was unlike any Asiatic religion with which it has been compared. Moreover, the characteristics indicate that the religion of dynastic Egyptians was identical to that of primitive Egyptian religion and is of African origin. (paraphrase from the preface to ‘Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection’ by E. A. Wallace Budge; pp.xiii and xiv.)

Modern Sudani beliefs are identical with those of ancient Egypt because the Egyptians were Africans and the modern peoples of the Sudan are African. (Quote from the preface to ‘Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection by E. A. Wallace Budge; pg. xvii.)

The civilizations which sprang up several thousands of years ago on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea reached heights of achievement in all fields of human activity that elicit our wonder and admiration today. The mainspring of all these civilizations which gave them their strength is religion. True, the figurations of this mainspring changed from the trinitarianism of ancient Egypt expressed in the story of Osiris, Isis, and Horus that represented the continuity of life in the cycle of life, death, and resurrection and provided a permanence through the generations, to the paganism of Hellas expressed in the sensory representation of truth, goodness, and beauty. In this environment three well known religions arose. Egypt saw the appearance of Moses. […]

“The unity of a supreme and self existent being, his eternity, his almightiness, and external reproduction thereby as God. The attributing of the creation of the world and of all living beings to this supreme God. The immortality of the soul completed by dogmas of punishments and rewards. Such is the sublime and persistent base which, notwithstanding all deviations and all mythological embellishments, must secure for the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians a most honourable place among the religions of antiquity.” (from ‘Etudes sur le Rituel des Anciens Egyptians’ by de Rouge; Paris 1860 pg.72)

“The Egyptian religion is a pure monotheism, which manifests itself externally as a symbolic polytheism.” (from ‘Egypte’ by Champollion-Figeac; pub.1839, pg.245,col.1)

“Now no one who has worked at Egyptian (hieroglyphics) can possibly doubt that there are many semitic words in the language or that many of the pronouns, some of the numbers, and some grammatical forms resemble those found in the semitic languages. But even admitting all the similarities that Erman has claimed it is still impossible for me to believe that Egyptian is a semitic language fundamentally. There is, it is true, much in the Pyramid Texts that recalls points and details of semitic grammar but after deducting all the triliteral roots there still remains a very large number of words that are not semitic and were never invented by a semitic people. These words are monosyllabic and were invented by one of the oldest African peoples in the Valley of the Nile.

We have remains of their written language. These words are used to express fundamental relationships, feelings, and beliefs which are peculiarly African and foreign in every particular (manner) to semitic peoples. Words like tef=father; qes=bone; tches=self; ka-double; ba=soul; and scores of others that (have been) used from the earliest to the latest times are African and have nothing to do with the semitic languages. When they (the Egyptians) invented or borrowed the art of writing they were quick to perceive the advantage of adding to their pictures signs that would help the eye of the reader and convey to his mind an exact conception of what the writer intended to express. (from the introduction to “An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary Vol. 1” by E.A. Wallace Budge, pg. 68, para. 1. Published 1920.)

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