The Book of Gates is an Ancient Egyptian cosmological treatise describing the architecture and inhabitants of the Tuat, the underworld which the boat of the Sun God, Ra, traverses during the night hours. This is the second volume of the three volume Budge series which deals with the books of the Underworld, the Egyptian Heaven and Hell. It also includes a short summary of the Book of Am-Tuat, the longer version of which comprises the first volume.
THE SHORT FORM OF THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT
THE SUMMARY OF THE BOOK OF WHAT IS IN THE UNDERWORLD.
THE BEGINNING OF THE HORN OF AMENTET, [WHICH IS] THE UTTERMOST POINT OF THE DEEPEST DARKNESS.
THE FIRST HOUR.
THIS god entereth into the earth through the Hall of the horizon of Amentet. There are one hundred and twenty ATRU to journey over in this Hall before a man arriveth at the gods of the Tuat.
The name of the first Field of the Tuat is NET-RA. He (i.e., Ra) allotteth fields to the gods who are in [his] following, and he beginneth to send forth words to and to work out the plans of the divine beings of the Tuat in respect of this Field.
Whosoever shall have these made (i.e., copied) according to the similitude which is in Ament of the Tuat, [and] whosoever shall have knowledge of these similitudes, [which are] the copies of this great god himself, they shall act as magical protectors for him upon earth regularly and unfailingly, and they shall act as magical protectors for him in the Great Tuat.
USHEMET-HATU-KHEFTI-RA is the name of the [first] hour of the night which guideth this great god through this Hall.
THE SECOND HOUR.
This great god afterwards taketh up his position in UR-NEST, which is three hundred and nine ATRU in length, and one hundred and twenty ATRU in width.
The name of the gods who are in this Field is, BAIU-TUATI. Whosoever knoweth their names shall have his existence with them, and unto him shall this great god allot fields in the place wherein they are in the FIELD OF URNES. He shall stand up with the Gods who Stand Up (AHAU), he shall travel on in the following of this great god, he shall enter into the earth, he shall force a way through the Tuat, he shall cleave a passage through the tresses of the gods with flowing hair (HENKSU), he shall travel on by the EATER OF THE ASS (AM-AA) after the emptying of the lands, he shall eat bread-cakes in the Boat of the Earth, and there shall be given unto him the fore-part of TATUBA.
Whosoever shall have made in writing (or, in drawing) similitudes of the BAIU-TUATI (i.e., the Souls of the Tuat) in the forms in which they are in Ament of the Tuat-now the beginning of such representations should be from Amentet,–and whosoever shall make offerings unto them upon earth in their names, [these things I say] shall act as magical protectors to that person upon earth, regularly and unfailingly. And whosoever shall know the words which the gods of the Tuat speak to this god, and the words which are said by him to them when he is approaching the gods of the Tuat, [these words I say] shall act as magical protectors to him that knoweth them upon earth, regularly and unfailingly.
SHESAT-MAKET-NEB-S is the name of the hour of the night which guideth this great god through this Field.
THE THIRD HOUR.
This great god afterwards taketh up his position in the Fields of the PERU-gods (i.e., the Fighters), and this great god paddleth his way over the STREAM OF OSIRIS (NET-ASAR) in sailing up this Field, which is three hundred and nine ATRU long, and one hundred and twenty ATRU wide. This great god uttereth words to those who are in the following of Osiris to this City, and he allotteth unto them estates which are situated in this Field.
BAIU-SHETAIU (i.e., Hidden Souls) is the name of the gods who are in this Field, and whosoever knoweth their names upon earth shall be able to approach to the place where Osiris is, and there shall be given unto him water for his Field.
NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUATU is the name of this Field. Whosoever shall know these hidden similitudes of the Hidden Souls in the correct forms wherein they are depicted in Ament of the Tuat–now the beginning of such representations should be from Amentet–[these figures I say] shall act as magical protectors to that man upon earth, [and] in Neter-khert, regularly and unfailingly.
Whosoever knoweth these, when he is making his journey past them shall escape from their roarings, and he shall not fall down into their furnaces (or, pits).
Whosoever knoweth this, when ‘he is keeping ward over [his] seat (or, place), his bread-cake shall be with Ra; and whosoever knoweth this, being soul [and] spirit, shall have the mastery over his legs, and shall never enter into the place of destruction, but he shall come forth with his attributes (or, forms), and shall snuff the air for his hour.
THENTENT-BAIU is the name of the hour of the night which guideth this great god through this Field.
Next: 4th – 6th Hour.