KMT – GEB (10) – Earth NTR

nut-geb

Geb

In Kemet, Geb was the NTR of the Earth and a member of the NTRW at Anu (Iunu).

As the earth, he is often seen reclining beneath his wife, NTRt Nut, the sky. Leaning on one elbow, with a knee bent toward the sky, this is representative of the mountains and valleys of the earth. Geb was believed to have originally been engaged in eternal union with his wife Nut, and had to be separated from her by Shu, god of the air. Consequently, in mythological depictions, Geb was shown as a man reclining, sometimes with his phallus still pointed towards Nut.

He is shown either as a dark brown or green man (the colors of life, the soil of the rivers and vegetation, respectively) with green patches or leaves on his skin. He could also be pictured with a goose (Geb or Seb) on his head.

In history, Geb often occurs as a divine king of Kemet, from whom his son Ausar  and his grandson Heru inherited the land after many contendings with the disruptive Set, brother and murderer of Ausar.

Geb is the husband of Nut, the sky or visible daytime and nightly firmament. He is the son of the earlier rulers Tefnut (moisture) and Shu (’emptiness’ or wind) and their father Ra – all the offspring of Atum. Geb and Nut are the parents (in-law) of: Ausar and Auset, Set and Nebthet.

Geb was believed to have been the third divine king of the earth, wearing a combination of the white crown and the red Atef crown. The royal throne of Kemet was known as the ‘throne of Geb’ in honor of his great reign. He was also called the “Rpt” (the hereditary chief of the NTR), and the earth itself was referred to as “pr-gb-b” (“The House of Geb”).

Geb could be regarded as personified fertile earth and barren desert. The barren desert containing the dead, the dead free from their tombs (metaphorically described as ‘Geb opening his jaws’), or imprisoning those there not worthy to go to the fertile North-Eastern heavenly Field of Reeds. In the latter case, one of his otherworldly attributes was an ominous jackal-headed stave (called wsr.t) rising from the ground unto which enemies could be bound. As time progressed, Geb also became more associated with the habitable land of later Mesopotamia and became its early ruler.

His association with vegetation – barley being said to grow upon his ribs – and sometimes with the underworld and royalty, brought Geb the occasional interpretation that he was the husband of Renenutet (‘nursing snake’), a minor queen of the harvest and also mythological caretaker of the young king in the shape of a cobra, who herself could also be regarded as the mother of Nehebkau, a primeval snake god associated with the underworld.

Geb was also called ‘the Great Cackler’, and as such, was represented as a goose. It was in this form that he was said to have made much noise as he laid the egg from which the sun was hatched. Some assume that this theory is incorrect, and to be a result of confusing the divine name “Geb” with that of a Whitefronted Goose, also called originally gb(b): ‘lame one, stumbler’.

Earthquakes were thought to be his laughter, and it was he who supplied the minerals and precious stones found in the earth, as a god of mines and caves.

[The Phakussa stele, a Ptolemaic Period stele, tells a Hebrew myth. it is not Kemetic.]

Sources:
http://www.egyptartsite .com/geb.html
https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Geb
http://www.egyptianmyths. net/geb.htm

 

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